One of the most common sewing machine problems is skipping stitches, and this can be a difficult and frustrating problem to identify. In this blog, we’ll cover the different causes of a skipped stitch and how to fix them.
What Is A Skipped Stitch?
A skipped stitch occurs when you sew through the fabric without making a stitch on the needle. If the fabric isn’t taut enough, it might move, and the needle won’t be able to make a good stitch.
If the needle doesn’t have enough pressure on it, it might not be able to go through the fabric.
When a skipped stitch happens, you’ve not adjusted your presser foot correctly or used the wrong type of needle for the job. It’s best to use a serger to create permanent seams.
Why Does A Skipped Stitch Happen?
If you’re making a quilt, for example, and you don’t pull the fabric tight enough as you go, then the stitches will be loose and eventually start to come undone. That’s why it’s essential to make sure the fabric is taut as you sew so that the stitches hold tight.
You can also use a straight stitch to prevent skipped stitches instead of a zigzag stitch.
In contrast to a zigzag stitch, a straight stitch will only pass through the fabric once.
Types of Stitches
There are two main types of stitches available on a sewing machine:
A straight stitch is a sewing stitch used to sew fabrics together. You can easily use this stitch to hem a skirt or sew on a button. It is also known as a lockstitch or zigzag stitch.
Creating an exciting pattern is easy with a satin stitch. You can sew decorative elements in a hem or sew fabric patches by using Satin stitch.
Reasons behind skip stitches
There are a few reasons why a skipped stitch might occur.
Fabric Too Loose
If the fabric is too loose, then the thread won’t be able to pull through the fabric. Instead, it will just slip right through.
Needle Too Long
If the needle is too long, then the thread won’t be able to pull through the fabric. Instead, it will just slip right through.
Presser Foot Not Adjusting
The fabric won’t be pulled tight enough if the presser foot isn’t adjusted correctly. Instead, it will just slip right through.
Needle Type Incorrect
If the needle is the wrong type, then the thread won’t be able to pull through the fabric.
Fabric is too thick
When you’re sewing with a thicker fabric, you’ll find it much harder to pull the fabric tight enough because it will take longer to stretch.
When using a thicker fabric, it’s best to use a straight stitch instead of a zigzag stitch.
Fabric is too thin
When you’re using a thinner fabric, you’ll find that it’s much easier to pull the fabric tight enough.
When using a thinner fabric, it’s best to use a zigzag stitch instead of a straight stitch.
How to Fix skipped stitches
There are a few ways to fix a skipped stitch.
Use a shorter needle.
If a too-long needle causes the skipped stitch, you can shorten it.
Shortening a needle is easy to do. Take the needle off the machine and cut the thread. Then, reattach the needle to the machine.
Use a shorter stitch length.
Shortening a stitch length is also easy to do. Change the stitch length setting on your sewing machine.
Change the stitch width.
If you prefer to sew with a wider seam, change the stitch width setting. I usually sew my seams with a 1/4″ (6mm) seam allowance.